They are very difficult to control! Burgundy™ - Good red to purple fall color, but may not be as winter hardy as the species. Chamaecyparis Obtusa Germination Instructions, How to Propagate a Weeping Mexican Pine Tree, How to Grow a Buccaneer Palm Tree From Seed, University of Kentucky College of Agriculture: Sweetgum, Texas A&M University Department of Horticulture: Propagation of Ornamental Trees, Shrubs and Woody Vines, United States Department of Agriculture Plant Fact Sheet: Sweetgum. Water only if the weather is dry for longer than two weeks. We do this with marketing and advertising partners (who may have their own information they’ve collected). Store the bag inside a refrigerator for one to three months. The branches of a sweet gum aren’t terribly lengthy or thick. The woody capsules are mostly filled with abortive seeds resembling sawdust. This is the most commercially important selection of sweetgum. Probe beneath the sand or pine straw mulch to test the moisture level of the peat mixture. They usually appear like they are covered with rusty hairs. They are a delicious nut! Just like leaves, they must fall, so the tree can prep for new growth. Sweetgum makes a large irregular-crowned tree at maturity. Site design : Academic Web Pages. This is more noticeable when the trees are young. There are no native sweetgum trees in the inner Bluegrass region. Moisten the sand to settle it. They all look like they have already opened though. American sweetgum are deciduous trees prized for their star-shaped leaves that turn a mix of brilliant fall colors. For undergraduate student information regarding the Sustainable Agriculture program, contact Dr. Krista Jacobsen at (859) 257-3921, or krista.jacobsen@uky.edu. The most distinguishing characteristic are its seed pods, produced in late summer. Their fall color lasts much longer than most other trees. N-318 Ag Sciences Center University of Kentucky Lexington, KY 40546-0091, Fax (Lexington): 859-257-2859       (Princeton): 270-365-2667, For questions about home gardening, landscaping or commercial horticulture production, please contact your county extension agent. These seeds are often called porcupine balls because they are covered in small barbs. Yes. Watch for germination in 20 to 30 days at temperatures around 75 degrees Fahrenheit. The only difference is sweetgum balls drop all fall and winter. The sweet gum tree grows in the … Provide some light shade at midday to keep the peat mixture from drying out too rapidly. Because of this, sweetgum is often seen as a pioneer species on flood plains or in abandoned fields. Like the maple tree, these species have leaves whose ribs or veins radiate out from a single stalk or petiole attachment in a palmate pattern (that is, the lobes resemble a set of fingers). This is no doubt … Seeds fall from the dangling, spiky seed balls while they are still attached to the tree. Most sweetgum trees are propagated by seed, which must be chilled for a minimum of one month to satisfy their dormancy requirements. Saturate the peat mixture with water and let it drain off for 20 minutes before sowing. Sun: This Black Tupelo (Black Gum) does best in full sun, partial shade. This list includes sycamore, yellow-poplar, and sweetgum trees. ‘Rotundiloba' - Leaves of this fruitless cultivar are lobed rather than pointed. However, once chilled, the seeds germinate reliably if surface sown and provided with constant moisture and bright, diffuse light. Although the wood is heavy, it is not durable when exposed to the elements. Some people refer to these leaves as having a "star" form or a maple-like silhouette. The seed heads of the sycamore disintegrate as their seeds are dispersed; the sweet gum seed capsule, on the other hand, has a woody structure, and the gum balls are quite persistent. The heartwood is pink and is referred to as redgum. This bottom land tree is common in western Kentucky. Sweet Gum trees look innocent, innocuous even, with long, straight trunks that don’t bend and sway like a supple willow. If you have sweet gum ball trees on your property, you might see the seeds as a huge nuisance. Space multiple trees at least 25 feet apart. Mulch heavily with mildly acidic mulch and keep them well-watered for their first summer. Over the seeds stratify within 30–90 days at temperatures around 75 degrees Fahrenheit pyramidal shape, becoming more oval rounded! What a lovely tree the Kentucky champion tree is in Henderson county and is primarily. Is lying just above the pine needle bundle are 1 3/4 inches … the round fruit balls are produced fertilized... 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