Why And How The Festival Of Muharram Is Celebrated The solemn festival of Muharram refers to the first month of the Islamic Lunar calendar. [15] In 1993, Ayatollah Seyyed Ali Khamenei, leader of Iran issued a fatwa calling flagellation wrong, fake and false. Nonetheless, taziyas continued to exist in Iran on a smaller scale especially in more rural and traditional areas. It is an important day for all Muslims. [5], According to Shia sources, the mourning of Muharram was started by the family, especially women, of Muhammad (the Ahl-ul-Bayt) immediately after the death of his grandson and even before entering Damascus. While in battle, the children of the camp were anxiously watching the alam (Arabic and Persian ʿalam, pl. [6] Following the battle of Karbala, Muhammad's granddaughter Zaynab bint Ali and sister of Imam Husayn, began mourning for the fallen and making speeches against Imam Husayn ibn Ali's opponents: Ibn Ziyad and Yazid I. In its technical sense, a majalis is a meeting, a session or a gathering. Alams are a reminder of Abbas' martyrdom, and act as a symbol of affection and salutation towards the followers of Husayn ibn Ali who lost their lives in Karbala. Question on Muharram Why is Muharram celebrated? According to the beliefs, Emperor Yazid persecuted Hussein and his family members to establish his power and killed 10 Muharram … In spite of the fact that it denotes the primary Islamic month, the tenth day of Muharram is additionally known for being a time of grieving where the Shia Muslim people group celebrates the affliction of Imam Hussain, the child of … In Iran this is called taziya or taziyeh. [8], During the Umayyad Caliphate, the mourning of Husain ibn Ali’s Killing was performed furtively in the homes of Shia Imam and their followers, but during the Abbasid Caliphate this mourning was observed in public mosques by the Abbasid rulers to draw a people’s attention . date-palm) structure used as a symbolic representation of the Imam's coffin, and nakhl-gardani is the act of carrying the nakhl in procession, resembling Imam's funeral.[38]. Shia Muslims mourn during Muharram, although Sunnis do so to a much lesser extent. The grandson of the Prophet was killed on this day during the battle of Karbala, by the soldiers of Caliph Yazid in 680 AD, according to Hindustan Times. You can also fast in this month as … [3] Muharram observances are carried out in countries with a sizable Shia population. [6], Imam Husayn Shrine is located at the mosque and burial site of Husayn ibn Ali, the third Shia Imam in the city of Karbala, Iraq. People taking vows for poor people in Isfahan, Iran. It is narrated that when he started to ride back to the camp with the water, he was surprise-attacked. The festival of Muharram marks the first month of the Islamic calendar. The Mourning of Muharram (also known as the Remembrance of Muharram or Muharram Observances) is a set of commemoration rituals observed primarily by Shia and Sufi Muslims, and marked by all Muslims,[1][2] as well as some non-Muslims. The 10th day of Muharram is known as the day of Ashura. The length of an Alam can be about 15 feet. aʿlām, 'standard' or 'banner') dip up and down from afar. [15], At first the mourning ceremonies and custom have been done in the open air at the main thoroughfare of city of village, a major intersection in the bazaar, the yard of the mosque, caravanserai and private homes. However, Ashura is observed differently by Shia and Sunni Muslims around the world.Â, The Shia sects mark the day with meetings, morning processions, fasting and feeding the poor. There were various types of flagellation including striking of chests with the palms, striking of backs with chains, and cutting foreheads with knives or swords. The commemoration falls in Muharram, the first month of the Islamic calendar. [31], The reaction of the audience in the reenactment of the Battle of Karbala’ episode is significant for the strengthening of distinct Shia identity and the weeping over the killing of Husayn ibn Ali and his follower is one of these reactions. Muharram is the first month, which marks the beginning of a new year in Islamic calendar. The previous record of this dramatic act reaches back to the seventeenth century practice in the Caucasus and in Azerbaijan, and was observed in the nineteenth century by the Shia Twelvers in central and southern cities of Iran and the Arab world. Though all sects of Islam celebrate Ashura, Shiites put extra emphasis on the holiday and use it as a time to … The procession was common ritual’s mourning of dead persons in Arabic states before the appearance of Islam. In India and Pakistan it is called Matam or Matam-Dari/Sina Zannee (chest beating). Muslims all across the world begin the Islamic New Year with the month of Muharram, which started on September 1 this year. Tabuiks (funeral biers) being lowered into the sea in West Sumatra, Indonesia. [15], The event is observed by many Sunnis[citation needed], but to a lesser extent, and as a time of remembrance, rather than mourning[citation needed]. 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Shia Muslims around the world every year commemorate the mourning custom of death of Husayn ibn Ali, his family and his follower in months of Muharram and Safar. Archers then started bombarding Abbas with arrows which pierced the water skin, bringing him down from his horse with the alam falling to the ground. Muharram is a significant and vital festival of Muslims. It is a festival which indicates the martyrdom of … The Imam AS wore a veil that day, and the reporter, Ibn al-Ma’mun, writes that sorrow and grief were clearly visible in his countenance. [14], As Chelkowski said, in fourth century in Baghdad, contemporaneous with the reigns of Sulton Muizz ad-Dawla of the Shia Buyid dynasty, the first public mourning ritual happened, and the market was closed by order of him on day of Ashura. The holy day is observed on the tenth of Muharram, the first month in the Islamic lunar calendar. At first this ritual became customary on first ten days of Muharram, but by passing of time it was performed during Muharam and Safar and other days of year. Similar to last year, Dussehra and Ashura (10th day of Muharram) will be celebrated consecutively this year too. It is one of the four sacred months of the year for Muslims. The real meaning of Muharram is forbidden, illegal, unpermitted, impermissible, and so on. [6] The general meaning of the adjective muharram means "banned, barred, forbidden, illegal, illicit, impermissible, prohibited, unlawful, unpermitted, unauthorized". During the battle of Karbala, the original standard-bearer of Husayn ibn Ali's kafala (caravan) was Abbas, Husayn's brother. Muharram Date 2019: 'Ashura' day, which is the emotional peak day of Muharram when Muslims typically intensify their expression of … The 10th day of Muharram, called Ashura, is an important day for Muslims. There is close relation between the lamentation and weeping. 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